Vanadium

Vanadium occurs in all animal tissues.Although its specific biochemical function has not been definitively identified, the results of numerous animal studies and experiments suggest that it is an essential trace element.It is particularly important for the proper course of lipid metabolism, phospholipids and cholesterol, has an effect on the shape of erythrocytes, stimulates glucose burning and hepatic glycogen synthesis, and its deficiency may cause limitation of animal growth, reduction of reproduction, reduction of red blood cells, incorrect calcification of teeth and bones and also sometimes causes a pathological increase in blood lipids.

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Using a diet deprived of this microelement, the second generation of young goats had damaged bones and died within three days of delivery.

The physiological concentration of vanadium in the serum ranges below 1.0-2.0 μg / l, where it occurs as vanadyl associated with transferrin and albumin.In pathological conditions vanadium is deposited in the kidneys, liver, spleen, lungs as well as in adipose tissue and heart, while the main storage for the vanadium absorbed by the body are bones and teeth.It is excreted mainly in the urine and to a lesser extent in faeces.

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Experimental studies on vanadium toxicity have shown that it induces oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, including phospholipids of cell membranes, causing their damage, which secondarily leads to protein and DNA damage.

Man takes with food about 2.2 mg of vanadium per day.Especially a lot of this microelement is found in marine products, black pepper, fennel seeds, mushrooms, parsley and spinach.

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