Urinary tract infection – how to recognize and treat it effectively?

Urinary tract inflammation is a condition that can affect many people, especially adults. Its cause is the appearance of unhealthy bacteria in the urinary tract. In a healthy person, the urethra and bladder are germ-free. When the body’s defence mechanisms weaken under certain conditions, bacteria can pass through the urethra to the bladder. Their presence causes characteristic signs of infection.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection

These may be e.g. pain or a burning sensation when urinating, frequent urge to urinate, pain in the lower abdomen unpleasant smell of urine or its turbidity

These symptoms may be present altogether, but more often only some of them appear. The occurrence of even only one of the above may indicate the presence of a urinary tract infection. It is worth taking treatment immediately after observing the first symptoms of the disease because a delay can only lead to their exacerbation.


Medications for cystitis is available without a prescription, and their potency allows for effective treatment. The symptoms of infection should not be underestimated because bacterial nephritis may be the consequence of untreated infection. Symptoms of this disease include high body temperature, reaching 40 Celsius degrees, pain on both sides of the back, nausea and vomiting. This condition is dangerous to health and requires immediate medical attention.

How does cystitis look like
How does cystitis look like

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are another ailment that requires treatment with a diuretics. One of its symptoms is painful and frequent urination. The pain caused by urolithiasis is usually stronger than the pain associated with infection. It also covers a larger area of the body – most often it affects the abdomen or back, it can also radiate to the groin or testicles. Other symptoms of kidney stones include blood in the urine and nausea and vomiting.

The cause of kidney stones is the precipitation in the kidneys of minerals that are present in the urine. This happens if the urine contains a small amount of water, so those who drink too little fluid or stay in a dry and hot climate without adequate hydration are most at risk. Additional risk factors include a diet rich in protein, sodium and oxalate, age over 40 (men) or 50 (women), and the simultaneous occurrence of gout.

The crystals formed at the beginning are very fine, which is why they are called kidney sand. Most often their presence gives no symptoms. Over time deposits may become larger. We call them kidney stones. Some stones may be large enough to block the outflow of urine from the kidneys. Then it is difficult to urinate and severe pain occurs. Kidney sand and small stones can be excreted outside with urine. If the stone has a diameter smaller than 5 mm, there is a 90% chance of its removal without the intervention of a doctor. If it has a diameter between 5 and 10 mm, the probability is only 50%.