What is linden honey?
Linden honey has a characteristic colour, so it’s easy to recognize. It is worth reaching for it because it has numerous properties and nutritional values. Linden honey has a strong antibiotic, diaphoretic, antitussive, expectorant and antispasmodic effect. Check what properties linden honey has and how to use it.
Linden honey is honey obtained from nectar (the secretion of flowers composed mainly of glucose and fructose, attracting insects) from broad-leaved and small-leaved linden. It is obtained at the turn of June and July during the flowering of July.
Linden honey is relatively difficult to access because most lime trees grow along roads, and it is not easy to find a larger concentration of these trees free of car exhaust.
Linden honey – colour. How to recognize linden honey?
Linden honey is golden yellow or greenish-yellow in liquid form. After crystallization, it turns cream or yellow-orange. Linden honey crystallizes in the form of small grains. It has a sharp and slightly bitter taste and a distinct smell of linden blossom.
Linden honey – calories, nutritional values
The basic composition of all-natural honey is chemically similar. They contain 70-80% sugars and 10-20% water. Other ingredients such as organic acids, proteins, phenols, vitamins and minerals can be very diverse. There are about 300 different chemicals in honey. The composition of linden honey includes 74% glucose and fructose, 1.5-3% sucrose and water.
The micronutrients present in linden honey are essential oils, flavonoids (hesperetin, hesperidin, rutin, iso-quercitrin, tiliroside), glycoside tiliacin, triterpene teraxerol, tannins, bitter compounds, organic acids (coumaric, chlorogenic, coffee) and the enzyme The amount of minerals does not exceed 0.35%, and the main one is potassium. Vitamins contained in honey are vitamin C, H, PP and B vitamins, but their amounts are small.
An important component of honey testifying to its quality and authenticity is the content of the amino acid proline. According to Polish Standards, the amount of proline cannot be less than 25 mg / 100 g. In linden honey, it is from 28.48 to 68.55 mg / 100g, which is most likely related to various conditions of honey production and storage. Honey storage is negatively affected by its high-temperature storage.
Linden honey – health properties
The presence of polyphenolic compounds belonging to the group of antioxidants with high biological activity is of great importance for the health-promoting activity of honey. These compounds protect the genetic material and proteins that build cells, naturally increase immunity and protect the circulatory system. One study analyzed the content of these compounds in organic and conventional honey – acacia, linden, honeydew coniferous and multiflorous.
The highest content of total polyphenols, phenolic acids and flavonoids are characterized by linden honey, respectively 91.79; 63.92 and 27.87 mg/100 g product for organic honey. In conventional honey, these amounts are about 10-15% lower. The content of these health-valuable ingredients is at least 1/3 higher in linden honey compared to other subjects.
Linden honey is used for colds, flu, upper respiratory tract infections, bronchitis and pneumonia. Has a diaphoretic, antitussive, expectorant and antispasmodic effect. It soothes inflammation and has antipyretic effects. Eliminates pathogenic microorganisms such as staphylococci, streptococci, yeast fungi, Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli.
Thanks to the diuretic effect that reduces swelling and mild reduction of blood pressure, linden honey is recommended for cardiovascular diseases. However, people taking medications for hypertension should not abuse it. For people with cardiovascular disorders, its antispasmodic and sedative effects, which are due to the presence of essential oils, are also important.
For this reason, the use of linden honey is also recommended for insomnia, chronic stress, hyperactivity and even neurosis. Linden honey is recommended for urinary and genital tract infections, digestive system disorders due to antibiotic activity and rheumatic diseases due to anti-inflammatory effects.
Linden or multi flower honey?
Linden honey has a perceptible sharp and bitter aftertaste that multiflorous honey does not have. Some consumers do not like it, while others choose linden honey because of its unique taste. In terms of other utility features, linden and multiflorous honey are similar.
They crystallize within a few weeks to several months, the grain size after crystallization is similar. Multi-flower is a bit darker. Both of these kinds of honey are said to be universal honey.
Linden honey contains more antibiotic compounds and more antioxidants than multiflora, so it can be healthier. It is also harder to access than multiflorous, which after rapeseed belongs to the most common and cheapest honey.