One of the causes of problems with the figure is excessive amount of body fat. How to deal with it? L-carnitine, a compound that helps combat the inconvenience of excessive weight, comes with help. You will learn about its properties and supplementation from the article below.
- What is carnitine and what are its tasks?
- Demand and effects of deficiency
What is carnitine and what are its tasks?
Under the name L-carnitine is a chemical compound of organic nature, whose production takes place in the brain, kidneys and liver. Very often muscles are given as the place of this substance.
You can find the term L-carnitine as a vitamin-like substance because of the twofold way of its delivery to the body. The first of these is the above-mentioned endogenous synthesis in the human body.
What’s more, this preparation is found in foods such as mutton, fish, pork or beef. It is worth noting that meat of poultry origin has a lower content of carnitine, and plant products only trace amounts.
L-carnitine has mainly a transport function. Responsible for the distribution of fatty acids to the mitochondria. At this point, long-chain acids are converted into energy that allows the body to function properly at the cellular level.
Carnitine also has a detoxifying function – the above action takes place by removing medium and short-chain fatty acids from the aforementioned mitochondria.
The health-promoting effect of L-carnitine is used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases (eg atherosclerosis, cardiovascular failure or coronary heart disease) or muscle damage, and plays a role as an auxiliary in the treatment of obesity and lipid disorders.
Demand and effects of deficiency
Supplementation of L-carnitine is recommended primarily among people who practice intense workouts, do heavy physical work, as well as vegans and some vegetarians. The daily dose for a healthy and adult person is about 15 mg. Organism during the day it produces from 11 to 34 mg of carnitine, and the amount supplied together with food ranges from 20 to 200 mg. Vegan diet and vegetarians contain approximately 1 mg of carnitine per day.
Carnitine deficiencies can lead to myopathy (muscle weakness or atrophy) and to cardiovascular complications in the form of heart failure. There are also reports of negative effects of the preparation on the digestive system – diarrhea, abdominal pain or nausea. On the other hand, clinical trials demonstrate good tolerance of this substance by the human body.
In conclusion, L-carnitine finds its use in removing excess accumulated fat. Its transport function makes it possible to convert surplus of fatty acids into energy, which is necessary in the case of increased sports activity or dynamic physical work.