Prostate problems are a fairly common problem, especially for men over 50 years old. It is estimated that already about half of fifty-year-olds men are struggling with symptoms of prostate hyperplasia, and in men over 80 years old about 75% of men complain of prostate problems. What are the most common symptoms of prostatic hyperplasia? How to care for the prostate? What affects the development of prostate problems?
Prostate gland anatomy
The prostate gland is a small gland located just below the bladder. The primary and most important function of the prostate is the production of fluid that is a component of sperm in which the sperm are immersed. This fluid is important for sperm viability and motility, which directly translates into fertility and the possibility of conceiving a child. The prostate surrounds the urethra, which is why changes in this gland, including its hypertrophy, have a simple impact on the appearance and worsening of urination problems.
With age, certain changes occur in the male body, one of them is the decrease in testosterone production starting around 45 years of age and the change of its structure into dihydrotestosterone. It is these two processes that are considered the basic and most important causes of prostatic hyperplasia. But not only testosterone is responsible for the proper functioning of the prostate. The fact that younger and younger men are found to have hyperplasia of this gland confirms that the causes of this process are also contributed to a diet high in fat and cholesterol, overweight at a young age, lifestyle, smoking and the use of stimulants. Knowing this, it is advisable to use preventive care in advance and to perform the recommended tests in a timely manner.
Prostate growth is slow and has no symptoms in the early stages. The first symptoms are problems urinating due to the increasing pressure of the enlarging prostate on the urethra. Initially, a man may also experience increasing discomfort and sexual dysfunction (decreased libido, erection problems). Problems are becoming noticeable with the start of urination, there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
Prevention and actions implemented as fast as the first symptoms of prostatic hyperplasia can be seen significantly help effectively dealing with this problem.
Regular PSA, per rectum, ultrasound examination of the abdomen
From the age of 40, every man should undergo preventive examinations at least once a year for changes in the prostate. The basis is an examination of the prostate gland at the urologist, performed per rectum. If you suspect prostatic hyperplasia, your doctor will usually also order an abdominal ultrasound. In further diagnostics, there will probably also be a need for a laboratory test in which the level of PSA – a prostate-specific antigen is determined. Increasing this indicator is a warning signal and an indication for deepening diagnostics. After the age of 45, all men should routinely perform this examination annually.
Diet, physical activity, change in lifestyle
Just like using preparations for prostate overgrowth, leading a healthy lifestyle and a proper diet are important elements in both the prevention and treatment of prostate disorders. Regular physical activity, eliminating alcohol, quitting smoking, and a healthy diet is not only important in preventing prostate problems.
The menu should exclude fatty meat, milk and milk products, and include more plant products and fatty marine fish. Vegetables, fruits and vegetable oils (especially pumpkin seed oil) favourably affect the condition of the prostate gland. It is worth drinking herbal teas, e.g. nettle or sabal palm fruit.