Haemorrhoids in women – how to prevent them, how to deal with them?

Haemorrhoids can appear at any age. A sedentary lifestyle, low physical activity, stress, constipation, an excessive amount of coffee and tea, drinking too little fluid make it a problem often also affecting young women. The risk of their development increases significantly during pregnancy. How to prevent them? How to deal when the first symptoms of haemorrhoids appear?

What are haemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoidal disease is a fairly common ailment that results from excessive stretching of the walls of blood vessels around the anus. Haemorrhoids is actually a description of the pincushion structures that are physiologically responsible for sealing the anal opening. Healthy haemorrhoids do not cause any disturbing symptoms. Only when the haemorrhoids are overstretched and blood retained in them does inflammation develop. Then the first symptoms of varicose veins appear. And this is a clear signal to start treatment.

It is estimated that nearly a third of the population struggles with the hemorrhoidal disease at some point in their lives. The sedentary lifestyle and poor diet, resulting in constipation that is conducive to the development of this unpleasant ailment. This problem affects both sexes, although it may occur more often in women. Why? Due to hormonal fluctuations and an increased predisposition to anal varicose veins during pregnancy and the puerperium.

Although this disease is hereditary, the vast majority of risk factors for developing haemorrhoids are bond to the lifestyle factors. Both inactivity and intense and regularly repeated physical activity promote the development of anal varicose veins. Leading a sedentary lifestyle causes blood stagnation in the vessels and the formation of oedema, and this is the simplest way for the hemorrhoidal disease to develop.

Diseases and functional problems of the digestive system affecting the frequency of bowel movements also contribute to the development of anal varicose veins. Constipation and difficulty in defecation, but also diarrhoea, promote inflammation around the anus.

Haemorrhoids in women also often appear during pregnancy. Large changes occurring in the body during this period favour hemorrhoidal disease, especially in those women who have a genetic predisposition for this.

How are haemorrhoids forming
How are haemorrhoids forming

Symptoms of haemorrhoids

The first symptoms that inflammation develops in the anal area are quite characteristic. It is primarily itching and pain, discomfort and the feeling of incomplete bowel movement after visiting the toilet. Pain increases with the development of the disease, some may have bleeding during defecation. And this is a clear signal that treatment should be started.

Due to the high risk of developing haemorrhoids in pregnancy, additional attention to the prevention of this disease during this period is particularly important. If troublesome symptoms appear, home remedies for haemorrhoids can be used, as well as topical rectal ointments and gels to relieve pain and irritation. However, it is worth remembering to consult a specialist doctor when treating haemorrhoids during pregnancy and before the use of any medical preparations.