Excessive sweating is extremely troublesome in everyday life, especially if it is accompanied by an unpleasant smell. Washing and using a deodorant only removes the problem for a moment. Excessive sweating is a phenomenon affecting an increasing proportion of society, especially young, stressed and pregnant women. What are the causes and treatment of excessive sweating?
Causes of excessive sweating
Sweat production is one of the most important skin functions. There are 3 million sweat glands on the human body. Man releases from a few millilitres to several litres of sweat per day. Physiological sweat production is a very important element in thermoregulation of the body and in the regulation of the environment on the skin surface.
Under certain conditions, a person sweats more than usual and causes more physical exertion, stress, high fever during illness, and heat. The reason may also be menopause in women and andropause in men. However, excessive sweating is extremely troublesome. This problem is associated with a sense of shame and embarrassment, which leads to reduced contact with other people.
The sweating process is caused by the activity of two types of the glandular gland and apocrine gland. Apocrine glands are found in the dermis. In men, they are larger and more active than in women. The secretion of apocrine glands is sticky, cloudy, odourless, yellowish-white. It is broken down by bacteria on the surface of the skin, which causes the penetration of a sharp smell of sweat.
Sweat androgens can also affect this fragrance. Unlike the apocrine glands, the eccrine glands are found all over the body. Most of them are on the hands, feet and forehead. The action of eccrine glands is regulated by the sympathetic and parasympathetic system. Excessive sweating concerns eccrine glands and results from their hyperactivity.
The causes of increased sweating can be first found in our physiology. Sweat production is increased by physical effort, emotions, stress, and an improper diet rich in salty and spicy foods. Excessive sweating can also be caused by alcohol intoxication. In very emotional situations, the body can produce up to 10 litres of sweat, and its smell is more intense, which is associated with the release of stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol.
Sweating most often affects the hands, feet, armpits, groin and face and is paroxysmal. It occurs in both women and men. It can also be hereditary.
The second cause of excessive sweating are diseases hormonal disorders:
- viral and bacterial infections – AIDS, tuberculosis
- neurological – for example, neuropathies
People suffering from excessive sweating can give off a huge amount of sweat in many places – the effect is constantly wet feet, hands and armpits. This often makes it difficult to perform everyday activities (for example at work) and problems in social life. Less often, excessive sweating affects the whole body. It is often a consequence of existing disease and disappears during treatment.
How to treat excessive sweating?
The first and most important step is to diagnose the causes of excessive sweating because then the treatment brings the best results. If these are causes such as diabetes, then you must treat the disease at its source.
In addition, personal hygiene is very important. Daily baths and showers will eliminate the smell of sweat. It is also worth remembering about epilation of the armpits because the hair promotes the persistence of unpleasant smell. Oral medications that suppress perspiration may also be taken.