1. Apples are effective in lowering cholesterol level
It is enough to eat 1-2 large apples every day to lower the concentration of harmful LDL cholesterol by several percent and significantly reduce the risk of a heart attack. Apples provide a lot of fiber, and more specifically pectin. They inhibit the absorption of LDL cholesterol from the intestine, which leads to increased production of beneficial HDL cholesterol in the liver, and consequently lower the concentration of bad cholesterol in the blood.
By neutralizing bile acids, pectin forces the liver to take up cholesterol from the blood. In addition, antioxidant flavonoids contained in apples effectively prevent the formation of clots in blood vessels. Efficient blood flow facilitates the removal of unwanted fat from the body.
2 Apples are the elixir of youth
Apples are a real treasury of antioxidants, and it is well known that antioxidants prolong the lifespan of almost every cell in the human body, and as a result, the whole body.
Free radicals are atoms, molecules, or ions that have a single, unpaired electron in their outer orbitals. They are determined to accept or donate this electron, often exhibiting destructive chemical activity. They oxidize any compound they come into contact with. In the human body, they attack compounds whose molecules have double bonds like proteins, deoxyribonucleic acid, unsaturated fatty acids, and some complex sugars.
If there is a disbalance between the number of free radicals and antioxidants, damage to cell membranes, DNA, and enzymes can occur. The result is not only the accelerated aging process (e.g. wrinkles, worse eyesight), or already age-related diseases (Alzheimer’s disease), but also typical civilization diseases – atherosclerosis, strokes, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
3. Our heart loves them
The significant content of flavonoids is also of great importance for the heart and the whole cardiovascular system. By preventing the atherosclerotic plaques from sticking to the vessels, they are a potential defender against atherosclerosis. Not only do they prevent the blood from sticking together too much, but they also protect all blood vessels from inflammation, and accelerate the regeneration of their walls.
4. Apples help in losing weight
Apples, not only are low in calories (on average about 40 kcal per 100 g), but they also improve the digestive process and at the same time suppress the appetite. This is possible thanks to the significant content of pectins, which fill the stomach, ensuring sending a signal to the brain about satiety.
Although the amount of fiber in apples is high (an average of 2 g per 100 grams of product), it is not impressive in comparison with nuts or forest fruits. At the same time, it is not only the quantity that counts but also the quality. Pectin from apples is highly valued and willingly used in natural medicine therapy.